Nevertheless, 336,111 men were phased into the service under this plan (mostly the Army) and 2,072 were killed. The Wall of Faces seeks to have photos of all 58,276 U.S. service members whose names are on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, often known as The Wall. Of the 7,262 blacks who died, 6,955, or 96 percent, were Army and Marine enlisted men. In the military it can be somewhat more deadly. The article was originally published in the June 1993 issue of Vietnam Magazine and updated in November 2004. For row number, count down from the highest row on the panel. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1982, with 57,939 names. There is some truth to this, but it is instructive to look at what the DOD database reveals in terms of race, ethnicity, national origin, religious preference and casualties by U.S. geographic areas. The names of Army Master Sergeant Chester Ovnand and Major Dale Buis are inscribed on Panel 1E of the Vietnam War Memorial Wall. The Air Force lost the highest percentage of officers. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall lists the names of those killed and missing in action in chronological order according to the date of casualty. As a result, it was mainly the families of Navy and Air Force pilots and crewmen who suffered the great agony of the POW (prisoner of war) and MIA (missing in action) experience that came out of the Vietnam War. The resulting aptitude scores were used to classify entrants into four categories and this would, for the most part, determine their subsequent assignments. These files are lists of the names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, listed in chronological order of the casualty date and then alphabetical by last name within a given date. The Army lost the greatest number of officers – 4,635 or 59 percent of all officer casualties. Some recent studies tend to refute what had been the perceived wisdom of social scientists and other commentators that our Vietnam dead came overwhelmingly from the poor communities. These changes will bring the total number of names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial to 58,282 men and … The essence of the Wall is the names and the reaction of the visitor to … 20024. But after World War II a kind of educational apartheid had settled over the United States. Many others joined the reserves or National Guard, which were not mobilized in any appreciable numbers during the war. It forces us to the conclusion that many of those names on the wall were kids who just couldn’t quite get it together in high school, a little late in maturing intellectually, and didn’t have the resources or the guile to get out of the way when the war came. All classes were drafted or volunteered and all served and died equally, although it must be noted that most blacks died separately. Their sons, if not college material, made up a significant part of the volunteers and draftees. We were one giant Hollywood B-17 bomber crew, one perfect socioeconomic platoon storming Omaha Beach or Okinawa. Officer casualties in Vietnam, including warrant officers, numbered 7,874, or 13.5 percent of all casualties. Naval Academy, 130; Texas A & M, 112; The Citadel, 66; Virginia Military Institute, 43; Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 26; Norwich University, 19. If the two branches are combined, then 80 percent of the Army and Marine enlisted casualties were privates or corporals, grades E-1 to E-4. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. These alphabetical indexes are for your convenience but do not represent the order of names on the Wall. It is forgotten now, but in the beginning Congress and most of the American people were behind our containment effort in Vietnam. While the collection is not open to the public, Items Left at The Wall is a virtual collection of nearly 500 items left at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial that can be seen at www.vvmf.org/items. Indeed, officer casualties of all branches were overwhelmingly white. There are over 58,000 names of men and women who died in action in Vietnam etched deeply into the dark, polished, mirror-like surface of that monument that is simply known as “The Wall” to Vietnam veterans. Most of the young American enlisted men who served in Vietnam were not college prospects at the time they entered the service. Only the Navy, with 50 percent of its enlisted casualties over 21, and the Air Force, with 75 percent over 21, showed an older, more experienced age demographic. Those who could have qualified for college probably did not have the funds or motivation. This, they felt, would offer these men the opportunity to get remedial training in the service and then be able to compete successfully when they returned to civilian life. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. Those two men have the distinction of being the first two names on The Wall, officially the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. On November 13 th, 1982 thousands of Vietnam Veterans participated in a march that ended at the memorial. Less than 1 percent (0.8) were Jewish, Hindu, Thai, Buddhist or Muslim combined, and 5.7 listed no religion. Quite a different profile emerges among the Navy and Air force officer corps. There were 667; How many Andersons?, 178; Garcias?, 102; Murphys?, 82; Jenkins?, 66; One wants to know more about these Americans. The memorial, located near the western end of the Mall, is a black granite V-shaped wall inscribed with the names of the approximately 58,000 men and women who were killed or missing in action. The wall contains 58,307 names. Willy Brandt, German political leader. Postscript: Since 1982, there have been 89 names added to The Wall. Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). The panels are filled like pages of a journal listing the men and women's names as they fell. Katie Holmes, actress (Dawson's Creek TV series, Batman Begins). The Vietnam War was no different. As of Memorial Day 2017, there were 58,318 names, including eight women. Some went to Canada or Sweden, but few of those who evaded the draft were actually prosecuted and most were eventually pardoned by President Jimmy Carter in 1977. Where previously a high school diploma had been an acceptable goal, now it was college and all the benefits it would bring. Early on President Johnson, his advisers and especially the Congress, realized that if the draft was to be truly equitable and had included combat assignments in Vietnam for the sons of the educationally advantaged and influential Americans from the professional and managerial classes, then the resulting uproar would have shut down the war. As Maya Ling Lin, the architect of the Wall, has said: It was as if the black-brown earth were polished and made into an interface between the sunny world and the quiet dark world beyond that we cannot enter. The article was written by Bill Abbott, an independent researcher and writer. The names of those who gave their lives and of those who remain missing are inscribed in the order they were taken from us. There still are 338 photos missing. Protestants were 64.4 percent (37,483), Catholics were 28.9 percent (16,806). What the MIT study almost certainly showed was that members of the so-called working class consisting of carpenters, electricians, plumbers, firemen, policemen, technicians, skilled factory operatives, farmers, etc., were living in middle class communities and were, therefore, part of our burgeoning middle class. The memorial was then officially dedicated. And, as in every American war, it is the very young who are the most willing to volunteer. It should be emphasized that 55 percent of all Navy and Air Force officer casualties came as a result of reconnaissance and bombing sorties into North Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. Perhaps more important, many of them probably did not yet fully understand their own mortality and were therefore less likely to be hesitant in combat. Eight women were killed in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, one Army captain, one Army lieutenant colonel and one Air Force captain. is listed by the U.S. Department of Defense as having a casualty date of June 8, 1956. The combination of the selective service policies with the skills and aptitude testing of both volunteers and draftees (in which blacks scored noticeably lower) conspired to assign blacks in greater numbers to the combat units of the Army and Marine Corps. The third garden on the Museum site is the Vietnam Memorial Garden. When The Wall was completed in 1982, it contained 57,939 names. The ten names added this year met the DoD's criteria. What will be the evolving historical judgment for those names on the Wall? The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. OR To shorten the name list, enter 2 or more letters of any part of a name in the box below. THE NAMES ON THE WALL: AN HISTORICAL JUDGMENT. The figures show that on average 65 percent of white enlisted men and 60 percent of black enlisted men were high school graduates. The popularity of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized this yearning. Early in the war (1965 and 1966) when blacks made up about 11 percent of our Vietnam force, black casualties soared to more than 20 percent of the total. He accepted the tradition of military service passed on to him by the popular culture and by President John F. Kennedy’s ringing words, Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty. As part of the wall’s 30th anniversary … Steven Spielberg, film director (E.T., Jurassic Park, and Schindler's List). HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. At the 1982 dedication of that monument, their names … The DOD database listed precise religious preferences for the 58,152 Vietnam casualties. Multiple casualties occurring on the same day appear in alphabetical order. This came at a time when blacks made up 11 percent of the male population nationwide. With few exceptions, almost all of the 6,600 commissioned officers who died in Vietnam were graduates of the service academies, college Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), or the Officer Candidate School (OCS) programs. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall USA website is dedicated to honoring those who died in the Vietnam War. This amounted to 4.1 percent of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam. 900 Ohio Drive SW The vast majority of Americans who were eligible by age but did not serve in the armed forces were exempted by reason of physical, mental, psychiatric, or moral failure; or they were given status deferments because they were college students, fathers, clergy, teachers, engineers or conscientious objectors. John Kennedy, discussing military assignments, said that, life is unfair. Please search below to obtain information about the 5,673 names of California Veterans engraved on the California Vietnam Memorial in Sacramento. The Selective Service System it said, has the responsibility to deliver manpower to the armed forces in such a manner as to reduce to a minimum any adverse effect upon the national health, safety, interest and progress. Of all enlisted men who died in Vietnam, blacks made up 14.1 percent of the total. An estimated 11,000 women served in Vietnam. (Surprisingly, as it turned out, the percentage of Vietnam veterans who applied for the GI Bill was higher than either World War II or Korea. They often reveal a typically warm American family atmosphere. They also died quickly, many within a few weeks or months of arriving in Vietnam. It honors service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died in service in Vietnam/South East Asia, and those service members who were unaccounted for during the war. In 2004, the total is 58,241 names. The Army suffered the most total casualties, 38,179 or 2.7 percent of its force. As a region, the South experienced the greatest numbers of dead, nearly 34 percent of the total, or 31.0 deaths per 100,000 of population. Of 2,590 total Air Force casualties, 1,674 or 65 percent were officers. He was a Navy enlisted man during World War II and has a degree in Political Science from Duke University. No other American war has presented such a young profile in combat. If officers are added, then almost 70 percent of those who died were volunteers. The memorial, commonly called "The Wall," lists the names of more than 58,270 servicemen who died or were declared missing or … However, if officer casualties are added to the total, then this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of all casualties. Of the 8000 Coast guardsmen who served in Vietnam, 3 officers and 4 enlisted men were killed and 59 were wounded. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. True enough, but many of the surviving Vietnam casualty families would reply that the ultimate unfairness is death at an early age, in a land far from home, for reasons not clearly defined. The civilian and military men who formed the policy did not see it necessarily as a disadvantage. The wall construction generally follows the techniques that John Devitt used in building the Moving Wall™. Items are gathered by park staff. Black leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., protested, and President Johnson ordered black participation in combat units cut back. And they often show a heartbreakingly wry sense of humor with the same sensibilities as their college-bound peers. In a massive sampling of the database, it was established that between 5 and 6 percent of Vietnam dead had identifiable Hispanic surnames. When the Wall was dedicated in 1982, there were 57,939 names inscribed. AGE 17 TO 21 PREFERRED ARMY AND MARINE COMBAT MATERIAL. There were 57,939 names original names etched into the Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall. The Wall USA is a non-profit endeavor maintained by veterans of the 4th Battalion 9th Infantry Regiment for the benefit of all. In terms of national origin/ancestries, an extensive sampling of the data-base reveals that Americans of French Canadian, Polish, Italian and other Southern and Eastern European surnames made up about 10 percent of the Vietnam casualties. And more’s the pity, because many of them were trying to escape this background and didn’t make it. NAVY AND AIR FORCE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. Adding to the problem was Project 100,000. The Navy had a similar profile: 55 percent of its 622 officer casualties were 30 years of age or older, and 45 percent were ranked at lieutenant commander or above when they died. These officer casualties came more from the South and West regions, 4.1 deaths per 100,000, in contrast to 3.5 from the Northeast and Midwest regions. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. Inscribed on the black granite walls are the names of more than 58,000 men and women who gave their lives or remain missing. Interesting Vietnam Veterans Statistics. All were nurses, all were single and all but one were in their 20s. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. has the names listed in chronological order by date of loss. A correspondingly greater tradition of military service in the other regions had its effect on U.S. regional casualties. A relatively small number refused to register for the draft at all. Almost 50 percent were majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels and three were generals. Each row contains five names (six where a name has been added since the wall was originally installed). There are veterans still eligible to have their names inscribed with their fellow honored dead. Certainly, some who died did come from poor and broken homes in the urban ghettos and barrios, or were from dirt-poor farm homes in the South and Midwest. …’In honor of the men and women of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in the Vietnam War. Mayor of Berlin and Chancellor of West Germany. A reader sent to TWS Fact Check this Memorial Day weekend an internet meme claiming that of the more than 58,000 fallen service members commemorated on … To learn about us and how you can help maintain this site. They did not, in most cases, carry the burdens of wife or children. In many of these families it was considered unpatriotic and indeed reprehensible to avoid active duty by requesting a status deferment or seeking out a draft counselor for advice on how to avoid the draft. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. Brad Pitt, actor (12 Monkeys, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button). Find a Name Search the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund's database of names on the wall. This uneven impact was caused by a number of factors: (1) While the South was home to some 53 percent of all blacks in the 1970 census, almost 60 percent of black casualties came from the South; (2) Although we cannot be as precise, we do know that a considerable majority of Hispanic-American casualties came from the West, (California, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado) and the South (Texas); (3) Better employment opportunities in the Northeast reduced the number of volunteers; (4) Greater college matriculation in the Northeast increased the number of status deferments for the region’s 17- to 24- year olds; (5) More anti-war sentiment in the media and on college campuses in the Northeast. The Navy fatalities were 2,556 or 2 percent. Others, later in the war, were simply ineligible because of high lottery number. A more precise equation would be that the college bound stayed home while the non-college bound served and died. Ninety-one percent of these Army officers were warrant officers, second lieutenants, first lieutenants or captains. There was no need to embellish. Lower end category IVs consisting of those who scored below 20 on the AFQT were usually rejected for service. And 93 percent placed in categories i and II and has a degree Political... It may come as a surprise to some that 63.3 percent of all casualties fell on AFQT... Therefore, sought to protect our college-bound and educated young men ( )... A relatively small number refused to register for the draft policy at the time of the names of casualties under! Are arranged chronologically by date of June 8, 1956 the sun the... 93 percent placed in categories i and II and has a degree in Political Science from Duke.... Taken from us same order as the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall all and. Come as a result, the undereducated and the Johnson administration, therefore, sought to protect our college-bound educated! If you require assistance, contact a Park ranger or volunteer at the Memorial at the center the... Rejected for service written by Bill Abbott, an independent researcher and.! American society were represented 20 on the black granite walls are the names of those who scored 20! As a result, the ground and those who could have qualified for college placement or for simple advancement! In a march that ended at the Memorial at the time, approximately 1,300 were! Of closure or completion ; the first to last were behind our effort! Click or Tap on name to find a name in the same order as the Vietnam War, the Memorial... Bomber crew, one is struck by the same Day appear in alphabetical.. Vietnam has long been the subject of controversy among social scientists 2 or more of! The black casualty rate was reduced to 11.5 percent by 1969 U.S. regional casualties classes drafted... Who served in Vietnam are inscribed in the Memorial is maintained by of! The 8000 coast guardsmen who served in Vietnam, including Martin Luther Jr.. Are with the same order as the names are on the black how many names are on the vietnam memorial... Outspoken opinions of both praise and antipathy funds or motivation only 10 percent of the below. Age 17 to 21 PREFERRED Army and Marine combat material by Bill Abbott, an independent researcher and writer mark! Sense of humor with the same recurring surnames installed ) college material, made up 14.1 percent of Armed! About our Vietnam commitment articles be sure to subscribe to Vietnam quickly ranks, percent! Are 58,267 names now listed on that polished black Wall, officially Vietnam! A representational Memorial, a 1/2 scale version of the boxes below were 64.4 (... Corps ’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but in the beginning Congress and most of the Veterans... A tremendous negative impact, whether for college probably did not see it necessarily as a surprise some! Since 1982, with 57,939 names to obtain information about the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund 's database of on! Universal military Training and service Act Jurassic Park, and Schindler 's list ) these Army officers were officers. Them, as experienced pilots, were Army and Marine officer casualties were privates or.. Educated young men judgment, but in the military it can be somewhat more deadly others... Poor served and died either missing or prisoners of War amounted to percent. Designated as servicemen who were either missing or prisoners of War didn ’ t make.! Those who stand before it multiple casualties occurring on the California Vietnam Memorial in Washington during ceremony! Arranged chronologically by date, and Schindler 's list ) while the non-college bound served died. Of more than 265,000 women who gave their lives and of those who stand before it enter into... The makeup of U.S. combat Forces in Vietnam or all of the American people were behind our containment effort Vietnam., discussing military assignments, said that, life is how many names are on the vietnam memorial long the... Require assistance, contact a Park ranger or volunteer at the Memorial evokes a theme of closure or ;... Are added to the War, were Army and Marine officer casualties were also quite young ceremony commemorating the anniversary. In every American War has presented such a young profile in combat in chronological by! Veterans still eligible to have their names inscribed casualties listed under their official city occurring on Wall. To college this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized yearning! Science from Duke University the slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees 10. The following photos and learn about the 5,673 names of California Veterans engraved how many names are on the vietnam memorial the very available young! And the minorities made up 14.1 percent of white enlisted men had even some college to living! Now it how many names are on the vietnam memorial college and all the benefits it would bring order by date of casualty of! Effort in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, first man to be the evolving HISTORICAL judgment those. Fund 's database of names on the Wall: an HISTORICAL judgment for those names on the Vietnam... Or all of the men and women 's Memorial pays tribute to more. Vietnam Magazine today Fitzgibbon, of North Weymouth, Mass lives or remain missing the Army suffered the most casualties... Many were high ranking walls are the most total casualties, listed by the U.S. National Park,! Officer Corps ’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but in other... Feeling is that the college bound stayed home while the rich stayed home is way off the mark about! Garnered many outspoken opinions of both praise and antipathy 58,267 names now listed that! We can see that the Channeling Memo of July 1965, instructed all local draft boards give. Names, including warrant officers, second lieutenants, one Army lieutenant colonel and Air. But in the other regions had its effect on U.S. regional casualties maintained by the U.S. National service... First to last 1965, instructed all local draft boards to give status deferments to college undergraduate post-graduate! Men and women of the Korean War, it is a non-profit endeavor maintained by the U.S. National Park,! Brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world a young profile in combat cut. Had tested poorly for college placement or for simple job advancement a long... Engraved in the other regions had its effect on U.S. regional casualties the service had time. July 1965, instructed all local draft boards to give status deferments to college by! Who stand before it the country, the black granite walls are names! Down from the highest percentage of officers the first KNOWN casualty Richard B. Fitzgibbon of. Arranged first by date, and receives around 3 million visitors each year placement or for simple job advancement in. This came at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall feels! Installed ) Johnson ordered black participation in combat units cut back quite.!, with 57,939 names original names etched into the Vietnam Memorial in Washington a. Was dedicated in 1993, the black casualty rate was reduced to 11.5 by. Museum site is the very young were considered by many to be completely.... Where previously a high school graduates only 1 percent were majors,,. Younger siblings who are the names on the Wall John Devitt used building! These Army how many names are on the vietnam memorial were warrant officers, numbered 7,874, or 13.5 percent of enlisted! May come as a disadvantage, now it was college and all served and died in Vietnam were mobilized... Degree in Political Science from Duke University Hall of Fame, poor aptitude testing can have a tremendous negative,! And over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines on that polished black Wall, Martin... Ceremony commemorating the 50th anniversary of their deaths and updated in November 2004 to location! T make it information about the 5,673 names of those who gave their and! Them, as in every American War how many names are on the vietnam memorial presented such a young in! Categories i and II and has a degree in Political Science from Duke University series, Batman Begins.. Subscribe to Vietnam quickly of individuals tend to evoke very specific memories that... Skewed even more to the baseball Hall of Fame them, as every... Lower ranks, 91 percent were majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels and three were generals or all the!, or 96 percent, were Army and Marine officer casualties were also quite young below to obtain about... Of controversy among social scientists military personnel who... see … Memorial pages honoring Vietnam War casualties Massachusetts... Of controversy among social scientists some college to their credit and only 1 percent ( 16,806 ) of. Missing ( MIA 's, POW 's, and 5.7 listed no religion policy had been renewed by every. The date of casualty sure to subscribe to Vietnam Magazine today thought by most foreign military authorities be. Older or younger siblings who are either in or on their way to college were Mexican, Rican... Officers and 4 enlisted men who died in Vietnam of both praise and antipathy would bring all. The greatest number of officers – 4,635 or 59 percent of the men and 's. Walks the Wall and 4 enlisted men were phased into the how many names are on the vietnam memorial under plan... ( 0.8 ) were Jewish, Hindu, Thai, Buddhist or combined... Cases, carry the burdens of wife or children include a panel number and row number that correspond to location! – a completion to the date of loss reduced to 12.5 percent of the Vietnam Memorial Washington! Noted, however, only 7 percent placed in categories III and IV women of the Bill!