1. • Infinitive is a verbal that is formed by adding to before a verb and can serve as a noun, adjective, or even as an adverb. I need to study. At first glance, it may seem difficult to know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund. Verb Lists: Infinitives and Gerunds: Principles of Composition Verbs Followed by an Infinitive ... Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. GI005 - Gerund with preposition Intermediate . I think (defend) yourself is the right thing to do if you have a good reason. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Ex: to buy, to work. Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive.
11. More Gerund or Infinitive interactive worksheets. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Infinitive. The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. The word “gerund” actually comes from the Latin word gerere, which means “do”. 3. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. As explained above, one can conclude that certain verbs must be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive because the meaning changes when one or the other is used. I don't think (lie) is ever right. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. Mixed Exercises . (picking up /to pick up). An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." (I don't like dancing.) In the meantime, review this list of which verbs take a gerund or an infinitive. 1. agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescend: consent continue dare decide deserve detest dislike expect fail I like getting up early in summer. Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive with no loss of meaning. To give bad news in a formal way: I regret marry ing her. Gerunds are best for use in sentences about actions that are real or … To play basketball for UConn is her favorite fantasy. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . After the main verb, both gerunds and infinitives can be used. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. 2. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. Gerund and infinitive forms of verbs in English: when to use them. When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. Some verbs take only an infinitive. I feel like (go) to a movie. Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . Infinitive with / without to • Exercise 2 Level: elementary; Infinitive Constructions • Exercise 2 Level: lower intermediate; Gerund. Gerunds and infinitives with advise, allow, permit and forbid. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a … Some verbs can take both gerunds and infinitives, with only a slight difference in the meaning (as explained in Part I above). They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Infinitives A verb form that is the combination of the word "to" + the base form of a verb, which functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food Grammar resources for esl. You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive. need. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. 3. Here helped means assisted. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) I heard the clock _____ six. Some verbs take only a gerund. They can follow adjectives and other verbs. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. Ex. Maybe I can get my old job back. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Gerund. Gerunds. Gerund - Infinitive . the emphasis is on the action (or the gerund) not the doer (possessive) of the action. (*Note: These lists are not complete lists of ALL verbs used with these verb patterns, but Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. The door must be locked at all times. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. The main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down . (he did that and now he’s sorry about it) We regret to inform you that the train will be 2 hours late. Oefen Engelse grammatica in het Engels Klaslokaal. Verb Patterns: infinitives and gerunds by tepesa: Gerund and Infinitive by Larysa_Demciuc: Grammar Videos Mini Quiz 17 by pao07081982: Key word transformation: Gerunds and Infinitives by monicapastorino: Gerunds and Infinitives by Dendelmia: Gerunds and Infinitives I enjoy watching movies. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. Gerund: Infinitive: Mike regrets saying what he said to his teacher. Oefenen met een onderdeel uit de Engelse grammatica: gerund en to-infinitive. Gerunds & Infinitives 5B Unit 5 Grammar items 1 & 2 ID: 113864 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Primary 5 Age: 8-12 Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: Grammar Add to my workbooks (146) Download file pdf Add to Google Classroom In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. Infinitive/Gerund – mixed exercise; Need more practice? The main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. A. I don't think (lie) is ever right. I like to ski. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. Get Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. For example: An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). What do you want (do) tonight? Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. Infinitive/Gerund - Exercises. verbs followed by gerund or infinitive By rmartinandres This is the first part of a set planned to help my B1 students with the use of gerund or infinitive after some of the most common verbs. Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. I like hiking. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial discusses how to control gerunds and infinitives and start using them more like native English speakers. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. "A: Infinitive is used after a certain verb.B: Infinitive is used after some adjectives and adverbs. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Watching movies makes me happy. "I plan to take my vacation. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. They always take a noun position: a subject or an object of the main verb. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. To form gerunds, use the base form + ing Example : I enjoy learning English To form negative gerunds, use not + gerund Example : Not speaking English well is my biggest problem in this country • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. Gerund – Form Level: lower intermediate; Gerund used as a subject Level: lower intermediate; Infinitive / Gerund. I feel like (go) to a movie. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Stop smoking. You could say this actually makes sense: the gerund describes an action, something you do. I enjoy cooking. In such situations, they are not normally interchangeable. You'll need to learn more, but that's OK. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. These verbs are followed by –ing forms if there is no object. I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. • Identifying gerunds and infinitives is an easy job as verbals with ing are gerunds while verbals having to before them are infinitives. Gerunds and Infinitives
As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. Following a verb (gerund or infinitive) Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . Everyone helped to make her feel as welcome as possible. Skiing is fun. Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. You will find the following guidelines for gerund/infinitive usage helpful. 4. It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? This activity looks at the problem of whether verbs are followed by the gerund or infinitive. (STRIKE) 2. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. (WAIT) 4.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Some verbs can take both gerunds and infinitives, with only a slight difference in the meaning (as explained in Part I above). They saved a lot of money by _____ the tickets in advance. - Infinitive with to (มี ‘to’ นำหน้า) Ex. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. (I talked to Jane and now I remember that fact) Gerund and Infinitive Gerund and Infinitive ID: 1451713 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 14+ Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: grammar Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Try to remember that: Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. Understand what you 've learned in parts 1 and 2 by a gerund or an infinitive is verbal! 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